Burundi adopted its most recent National Action Plan (NAP) in 2022 for the period 2022-2027. Analysis is forthcoming.
Burundi’s third NAP was preceded by two other NAPs, for the periods 2017-2021 and 2012-2016. The first NAP was developed by the Ministries of Gender Issues; Defence; Public Security; Agriculture; Foreign Relations; Planning; Justice; National Solidarity and the Parliament. Several civil society organizations were involved in the drafting process of the NAP, including Dushirehamwe, CAFOB (Burundi collective of women’s NGOs and associations), le Réseau des Femmes et alliées artisans de la paix (Women’s and peacebuilders network), and l’Association des femmes rapatriées du Burundi (Association of female returnees from Burundi). The NAP identifies eight priority axes through which to implement Resolution 1325. These priorities include promoting the participation of women in decision-making processes; conducting legislative reform to promote gender equality; and protecting and promoting the rights of women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations. The NAP has a detailed implementation matrix, but does not include an allocated budget.
Burundi gained independence from Belgium in 1962, after an extensive period of colonial rule by the Belgian empire. The most recent armed conflict in Burundi’s history is the civil war, which started in 1993 following a military coup. The conflict resulted in the death and displacement of thousands of people. The Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement was signed in 2000, where women’s civil society members acted as formal observers. In 2015, Burundi witnessed a failed coup attempt, which led to ongoing social and political instability in the country, including human rights violations perpetrated by security forces. On the ground, women have played a key role in working towards preventing further violence and conflict through their role as mediators. In 2017, the International Criminal Court (ICC) opened an investigation regarding crimes against humanity in Burundi. Burundi then became the firsts country to leave the ICC.
National Action Plan (2022-2027)
Global Gender Gap Index 2020
32 out of 153
Arms Trade Treaty Signed 2013
Military expenditure (2019)
$64.7 million USD
Explore Burundi's National Action Plan (2012-2016)
Several civil society organizations have been involved in the drafting process of the NAP: Dushirehamwe, CAFOB (Burundi collective of women’s NGOs and associations), le Réseau des Femmes et alliées artisans de la paix (women’s and peacebuilders network), l’Association des femmes rapatriées du Burundi (Association of female returnees from Burundi).
The government bodies that were involved in development were the Ministries of Gender Issues; Defence; Public Security; Agriculture; Foreign Relations; Planning; Justice; National Solidarity and the Parliament.
A Steering Committee was also been created to work on the NAP development and is overseen by the Ministries of National Solidarity, Human and Gender Rights. The members of the Committee are the Ministries of Justice, National Defence and Veterans, Public Security, Agriculture and Livestock, Community Development, Finance and Economic Development Planning, Primary and Higher Education, Job training and Literacy, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation.
To be noted: The following international organizations were also involved in the development process of the NAP; UN-Women (which co-presides the Steering Committee), Femmes Africa Solidarité and Alert International.
Civil society will be involved in the implementation of some of the NAP activities either through partnerships with ministries or through the Steering Committee that has been created. Only one civil society organization will be part of the Steering Committee, however, it is not named.
To be noted: The NAP differentiates “women’s organizations” and “civil society” in the implementation phase. For example, civil society organisations will be involved in some of the phases and they might not necessarily be women’s organisations.
The following Government bodies will be involved in the implementation of the NAP: the Ministries of Justice; Defence and Veterans; Public Security; Agriculture and Livestock; Community Development; Finance and Economic Development Planning; Primary and Higher Education, Job training and Literacy; Internal Affairs; and Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation.
To be noted: The following international bodies will also contribute to the implementation of the NAP: UN-Women, UNDP, FAO, UNESCO, UNHCR, AU, and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR).
NAP Monitoring and Evaluation
One civil society organization will be part of the Steering Committee that has been created to monitor the NAP implementation. This organisation will be part of the Committee Bureau and of its Secretary Department, however, the name is not specified.
Teams dedicated to monitoring the NAP implementation will be created within the Steering Committee and within the Ministry of Gender. They will be monitoring progress on a daily basis.
The NAP covers the period from 2012 inclusive of 2016. A table summarized how the implementation of each activity underlying the NAP is expected to progress, on a quarterly basis, between 2012 and 2016.
The NAP is composed of eight priority goals with nine sub-objectives:
- Promoting UNSCR 1325 implementation
- Ensuring men and women have equal and equitable access to decision-making positions, i.e. “women’s participation and empowerment”
- Strengthening mechanisms for protecting women’s rights in conflict and post-conflict times
- Reforming legal frameworks
- Including women’s and girls’ rights and needs in post-conflict programs
- Including women’s and girls’ rights and needs in post-conflict justice
- Ensuring women participate in peace negotiation process and peacekeeping missions
- Coordinating the implementation of UNSCR 1325
Each goal relies on a set of activities. For example, the first goal, “Promoting UNSCR 1325 implementation” relies on the following activities:
- Communicating on UNSCR 1325 on a national level to raise awareness on Women, Peace and Security issues
- Translating UNSRC1325 into Kirundi and disseminating it all over the country
- Ensuring UNSCR 1325 is properly disseminated in the countryside and isolated areas
- Organizing sessions on UNSCR 1325 for developing people’s ownership and common understanding of Women, Peace and Security issues on a national level (organizing one session per town on average)
- Initiating and implementing a national program for information, education and human security
- Voting on a resolution on how to develop ownership UNSCR 1325
- Implementing and processing local mechanisms to implement UNSCR 1325
- Integrating the NAP in Ministries’ sectoral policies
The indicators are specified for each activity underlying the NAP goals. For example, the indicators that will be used for assessing the implementation of the first objective “Promoting UNSCR 1325 implementation” are:
- Existence and availability of a NAP to promote UNSCR 1325
- Percentage of the population knowing about UNSCR 1325
- Number of people trained to disseminate information about UNSCR 1325
- Number of gender sensitivity trainings organized and number of people trained
- Availability of a document on the educational and information program on peace and human security
- Number of training sessions organized on the educational and information program on peace and human security
- Number of sector policies taking UNSCR 1325 into account
Strengthening the monitoring process is one of the activities underlying goal eight, i.e. coordinating the implementation of UNSCR 1325.
Monitoring will be performed on a daily basis by a team created within the Steering Committee and a team created within the Ministry of Gender will be responsible for this goal. Training will be provided to these teams to enhance their understanding of UNSCR 1325.
The total budget for this NAP is $25mln and divided per goal.
- Goal 1: $1.4mln
- Goal 2: $1.3mln
- Goal 3: $0.8mln
- Goal 4: $1.6mln
- Goal 5: $5.6mln
- Goal 6: $12mln
- Goal 7: $1.7 mln
- Goal 8: $1.8mln
A table summarizes budgets allocated to each activity on a yearly basis.
Although one activity is to conduct a study on the impact of armed conflict on women and girls, there is no mention of how the proliferation of small arms has a gendered impact on women.