Côte d’Ivoire

Côte d’Ivoire adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2008 for the period 2008-2012. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Family, Women, and Social Affairs and does not indicate civil society involvement in the development process. The NAP is organized into four priority areas that mostly follow the framework of UNSCR 1325: the protection of women and girls against sexual violence; the inclusion of gender considerations in development policies and program; the participation of women and men in the reconstruction and national reinsertion processes; and strengthening of the participation of women in the decision-making processes. The NAP indicates that monitoring and evaluation will be undertaken by committees and through progress meetings, but it does not include an allocated budget for identified actions. 

Côte d’Ivoire reported on the implementation of its NAP in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, the country indicated that it is currently revising its NAP for the period 2019-2023. 

Côte d’Ivoire gained independence from France in 1960, after decades of colonial rule by the French empire. The most recent armed conflict in the history of Côte d’Ivoire is the civil war, which lasted from 2002 until 2007, resulting in the division of the country into the Muslim rebel-held north and government-controlled Christian south. Following the civil war, Côte d’Ivoire has seen political unrest, election-related violence, resurgent armed conflict, and grave human rights abuses, including the political unrest in 2011. Conflict in Côte d’Ivoire has disproportionately affected women and girls, who represent the majority of victims, internally displaced persons, and refugees. Though women were actively involved in organizing peacebuilding efforts, they were excluded from formal peace negotiation processes. Nevertheless, women played a key role in the post-conflict reconstruction process, including their involvement in the country’s truth and reconciliation efforts.

CEDAW

1995

Global Gender Gap Index 2020

143 out of 153

Arms Trade Treaty Ratified

2015

Military expenditure (2019)

$536 million USD

Explore Côte d’Ivoire's National Action Plan

  • Actors
  • Timeframe
  • Objectives
  • Actions/Activities
  • Indicators
  • M&E
  • Budget
  • Disarmament

NAP Development

The Cote d’Ivoirian NAP’s design and implementation is overseen by the Ministry of the Family, Women and Social Affairs. Financial and technical assistance in development was provided by the government of Norway and UNDP, however there was no formal Civil Society engagement or consultation processes throughout the NAP's development.

The Cote d'Ivorian NAP was led by the Ministry of the Family, Women and Social Affairs. In addition, the NAP mentions how the Ministries of Planning and Development, Foreign Affairs, Justice and Human Rights, Economy and Finance, Defense, Interior, Solidarity and War Victims, Health and Public Hygiene, National Education and Reconstruction collaborated to develop the NAP.

NAP Implementation

Women’s Civil Society Organizations such as West Africa Network for Peacebuilding-Cote d’Ivoire are actively involved in supporting national implementation of UNSR1325 and overseeing the implementation of the NAP. A range of new national women’s coalitions have been established to promote and defend women’s role in peace and reconstruction processes since the establishment of the NAP. This includes the Coalition of Women Leaders in Cote d’Ivoire, Organisation of Women for Peace (OFEP) and Organisation of Active Women of Cote d’Ivoire (OFACI).

Cote d'Ivoire's NAP does not specify which institution is responsible for specific actions or priority areas. The section labeled "Institutional Framework for the Implementation of the Action Plan" reiterates what is said for NAP Development.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The NAP defines Civil Society Organizations as participants in the monitoring and evaluating of NAP implementation, and also enables them to seek ad hoc inclusion of new indicators through the National Coordinating Committee.

The NAP designs a "National Coordinating Committee chaired by the Ministry of Family, Planning and Social Affairs" to monitor and evaluate government and civil society players relevant to the action plan each year. Every year, the committee publishes a progress report.

The Cote d'Ivorian NAP is for the period 2008-2012, but does not include specific timeframes for actions. They do, however, include a loose timeframe for monitoring and evaluation (see below).

Cote d'Ivoire's NAP is organized into four "Priority Areas" that mostly follow UNSCR 1325's priorities:  The protection of women and girls against sexual violence, including female circumcision, inclusion of gender considerations in development policies and program, the participation of women and men in the reconstruction and national reinsertion processes, and strengthening of the participation of women in the decision-making process.

For each "Priority Area" gives a "strategic result".  For example, for "Priority Area 2: Inclusion of gender considerations in development policies and program", they give one "strategic result": Gender inequalities are reduced.

For each "Priority Area" in Cote d'Ivoire's NAP, they provide a series of actions to be implemented.  For example, for "Priority Area 3" - "The participation of women and men in the National Reconstruction and Reinsertion Process" - they include nine actions:

The inclusion of gender parity considerations during peace talks and in the reconstruction program
The increase of the role and the contribution of women in peacekeeping operations
The improvement of health and basic education sectors
The improvement of women's access to private investments through credit and procedures facilities
The development of income generating activities
The improvement of access to housing, water and sanitation
Incentives and establishment of conditions for the return of internal displaced persons
The reduction of the HIV/AIDS rate among women

The Cote d'Ivorian NAP includes a set of indicators as "Output Result" for each "Priority Area". For example, under "Priority 1" - "The protection of Women and Girls Against Sexual violence and Female Circumcision" - the following indicators are provided: 

•    The early warning system is created and is operational
•    The psychosocial, medical and legal care organizations are established or strengthened
•    The capacities of the justice system, defense and security forces, health and social affairs regarding sexual violence are built
•    The victims access to protection mechanisms is effective
•    Programs for the increase of grants for school girls are put in place
•    Programs for micro credit, income generating activities are designed and implemented
•    The knowledge of people about the issues of sexual violence is improved

Cote d'Ivoire's NAP includes a short section entitled "Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism":

"At the national level, a National Coordinating Committee chaired by the Ministry of the Family, Women and Social Affairs and gathering government and civil society players in charge of the issue is set up by an order of Ministry of the Family, Women and Social Affairs. The National Coordinating Committee reports to the Government about the status of the action plan.  Each year, it publishes a progress report on the action plan and the results achieved."

"For each project, a monitoring and evaluation committee is set up on the proposal of the Ministry of the Family, Women and Social Affairs by the ministry in charge of the sector.  This committee is made of government bodies and civil society players working in the specified field.  Each semester, the committee should produce a report on the activities carried out and the results achieved.  An accurate time frame is designed."

In addition, Cote d'Ivoire's NAP follows this by a "Revision of the National Action Plan" section, which states that the action plan is "open-ended" and can be "adapted and completed at any time."  They state:

"Proposals for additional measures are directed to the National Committee for the Coordination of the National Action Plan for Resolution 1325/2000 which rules on their acceptances or refusal.

The Ivorian NAP does not include an allocated budget, but has an estimated cost of 3,694,400,00 F.CFA. A ‘Resource Framework’ is included as the appendix, which lists the total annual estimated costs of each specific activity and the Ministry responsible. There is no inclusion of financial accountability mechanisms or time-frames for achieving relevant strategic results.
Cote d'Ivoire's NAP does not include any details regarding disarmament.
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