Central African Republic

The Central African Republic (CAR) adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2014 for the period 2014-2016. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion, which led the creation of the Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction. The NAP indicates civil society involvement in the development of the NAP, including extensive input from civil society members on the initial draft. The United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic was also involved in drafting the NAP. The NAP identifies five overarching objectives (or “strategic priority axes”), including conflict prevention; protection of civilians in conflict; and increasing women’s participation in decision-making spaces. Each objective has corresponding actions, indicators, and a budget line. 

The Central African Republic reported on its WPS implementation in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, CAR reported that the country is developing a second NAP for the period 2019-2023. 

The Central African Republic gained independence from France in 1960, after decades of colonial rule. The most recent armed conflict in the history of the CAR is its ongoing civil war, which started in 2012. The conflict has displaced thousands of people and left millions in need of humanitarian aid. In 2014, the UN Security Council established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) to ensure peace and stability in the country. Nevertheless, there have been several allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers in the CAR. 

CEDAW

1991

Global Gender Gap Index 2020

Not ranked

Arms Trade Treaty Ratified

2015

Military expenditure (2019)

$32.4 million USD

Explore Central African Republic's National Action Plan

  • Actors
  • Timeframe
  • Objectives
  • Actions/Activities
  • Indicators
  • M&E
  • Budget
  • Disarmament

NAP Development

The NAP mentions that civil society was involved in every stage of drafting the National Action Plan. They contributed to the preliminary analysis of the topics and challenges to be addressed in the NAP. They were consulted to review the initial draft suggested by experts via workshops organised all over the country.

The Ministry of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion are in charge of the development of the NAP. To be noted, BINUCA, which is the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic, was also involved in drafting the NAP.

NAP Implementation

The NAP mentions that civil society will be part of the implementation phase as a collaborating group of the Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction. It is not quoted as taking part in the implementation process on an independent basis.

The Ministries of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion are in charge of implementing the strategies and programs for protection and promotion of women’s rights.

The Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction, created to ensure a smooth coordination between programs and projects related to gender equality, will also be responsible for the implementation of the NAP. In order to prevent the ever-increasing number of institutions related to gender issues, its capacities will be strengthened. It will therefore be comprised of representatives from the Ministries of Defence, Public Security, Justice, Health, Communications, Finance and Social Affairs, technical and financial partners as well as civil society organizations and private sector organizations.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The NAP mentions that civil society will be part of the monitoring phase as a collaborating group of the Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction. It is not quoted as taking part in the monitoring process on an independent basis.

Several bodies will be charge of monitoring the implementation of the NAP. The Ministers of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion are in charge of monitoring the implementation of the plan. The Monitoring Committee of the CEDAW will also be part of the  monitoring process for the implementation of the Convention on a national level. It will deliver a report, together with all national actors, accordingly. The Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction will also be involved in the monitoring phase.

The Central African Republic NAP covers the period 2014 inclusive of 2016. For each axis, a table displays the timeframe for the implementation of each activity.

The National Action Plan is composed of 5 “Strategic Priority Axis”:

  1. Enhancing national actors’ and people’s awareness of UNSCR 1325 and other international instruments that protect women’s rights with the intention of mobilizing societies to stand up for protecting civilian populations during conflicts and for involving women in peace processes
  2. Strengthening violence and conflict prevention as well as civilian populations’ protection
  3. Strengthening women’s participation and representation in all levels of decision-making processes related to conflict prevention response and resolution
  4. Strengthening civilian populations’ protection against violence and better reintegrating victims from sexual-based violence during conflicts in the society.
  5. Strengthening coordination and monitoring processes

Each Strategic Priority Axis implies specific objectives as well as clear actions to achieve this result. For instance, the first strategic priority axis,  “Enhancing national actors’ and people’s awareness of UNSCR 1325 and other international instruments that protect women’s rights with the intention of mobilizing societies to stand up for protecting civilian populations during conflicts and for involving women in peace processes” relies on the following set of activities:

  1. Train decision makers on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  2. Train employees of UN agencies and financial and technical partners on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  3. Organize trainings on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights for soldiers and policemen at all levels
  4. Organize trainings on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights for actors in the legal and judicial sector (judges, lawyers, officers of the judicial police, members of the prison administration) at all levels.
  5. Organize trainings on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights for NGOs’ management at all levels
  6. Brief population and local actors on women’s role in peace processes, development and national reconciliation
  7. Translate UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights in the national language
  8. Organize media campaigns on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights on centralized and decentralized levels

For each axis and underlying activities, indicators have been clearly defined.

For instance, for the eight activities underlying the first axis “Enhancing national actors’ and people’s awareness of UNSCR 1325 and other international instruments that protect women’s rights with the intention of mobilizing societies to stand up for protecting civilian populations during conflicts and for involving women in peace processes”, the following indicators are mentioned:

  1. Number of decision makers trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  2. Number of employees of UN agencies and financial and technical partners trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  3. Number of employees trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights in each body
  4. Number of people trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights in the judicial and legal sector
  5. Number of people trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights amongst NGOs’ management
  6. Percentage of the population favourable to women’s involvement in peace and reconstruction processes
  7. Number of legal text translation copies in the national language distributed to the population
  8. Number of people who understand the legal content of UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights on centralized and decentralized levels.

The NAP dedicates a full axis to monitoring and implementation processes. It relies on a set of activities and for each activity an expected result as well as responsible bodies for achieving the result are clearly defined.

The total budget for implementing this NAP is $8.2 mln, split as following: $4.0 mln in 2014, $2.4 mln in 2015 and $1.7 mln in 2016.

The Central African Republic NAP discusses plans of action for disarming, demobilizing and reintegrating female ex-soldiers in society but it is not explicit in recommendations.

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