Albania adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2018 for the period 2018-2020. The NAP was developed by a number of ministries, including the Ministries of Internal Affairs; Europe and Foreign Affairs; and Health and Social Protection, through a participatory approach that included consultations with the representatives of local authorities, Netherlands, Sweden, UN Women, OSCE, the European Union, and civil society organizations. The main objectives of the NAP are listed as improving policy documents and raising awareness on UNSCR 1325; increasing the participation of women in the field of security at home and abroad; establishing a regulatory framework and capacities that enable better protection and rehabilitation of women in the field of peace and security; and taking measures for better monitoring and reporting of Resolution 1325. Each objective has corresponding actions and indicators as well as including a detailed budget for implementation.
Albania became a parliamentary republic in 1992 after four decades of communist rule. The most recent armed conflict in Albania’s history was the 1997 civil unrest, which ensued from the collapse of informal market institutions, known as pyramid schemes, that promised high-interest returns on investments. The unrest resulted in over 2,000 casualties as well as the overthrow of the government. The country’s protracted economic instability has had direct repercussions for women. Despite the fact that the country’s law recognizes women’s equal right to property and land ownership on paper, in 2018, only 8% of women in Albania owned land due to women’s marginalization in economic matters and lack of implementation of laws.
Global Gender Gap Index 2020
20 out of 153
Arms Trade Treaty Ratification
Military expenditure (2019)
Explore Albania's National Action Plan
The drafting and developmental process for the NAP 1325 were provided by UN Women, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Delegation of the European Union to Albania, and The Coalition for Resolution 1325, which was established by civil society organisations (CSOs), funded by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the UN Women "Fund for Gender Equality” and implemented by the Association for Women with Social Problems (AWSP), and the Albanian Women’s Empowerment Network (AWEN).
WILPF Albania did not participate in the development process of the first Albanian NAP.
The Government of Albania, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA), the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs (MoEFA), the Ministry of Defence (MoD), and the Ministry of Health and Social Protection (MoHSP), were the lead agencies in the development process of Albania's NAP. Encouragement, expertise and technical assistance for the preparation of the document were provided by the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Sweden, through the offices of their diplomatic missions in Albania.
Specialised civil society organisations will be present in the process of NAP implementation, including: Coalition for Resolution 1325, Operation 1325, Albanian Women’s Empowerment Network, Association for Women with Social Problems (AWSP), Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Tirana, International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program, Local Security Government Units, and OSCE. Although civil society is being utilised throughout all of the objectives, they will mostly be involved in helping implement the activities outlined in Objective 1 on improving policy documents and raising awareness.
The Ministry of Defense (MoD), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA), Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs (MoEFA) and the Ministry of Health and Social Protection (MoHSP) are listed as institutions responsible for implementing the various activities and objectives outlined in the Action Plan.
NAP Monitoring and Evaluation
The monitoring and evaluation will be carried out by several CSO’s specialised in Resolution 1325, such as Coalition for Resolution 1325, Operation 1325, Albanian Women’s Empowerment Network, and Association of Women in Security and Peace.
The MoEFA, MoIA, MoD, MOHSP, in cooperation with CSOs specialised in Resolution 1325 will establish a working group to review the current Action Plan and to draft future National Plans for Implementation of Resolution 1325. The MoEFA, MoIA, MoD will also draft monitoring reports by CSOs that support Resolution 1325.
The implementation period for the Albanian National Plan of Action is three years (2018-2020).
The main objective of the NAP is the implementation and monitoring of Resolution 1325 through its promotion at every level: - local, through the prevention of any crisis situation and the strengthening of public awareness; - national, as part of the government program; - as well as international, through active involvement of the country in international activities. The main objectives are:
- improving policy documents and raising awareness on Resolution 1325;
- increasing the participation of women in the field of security at home and abroad;
- establishing a regulatory framework and capacities that enable better protection and rehabilitation of women in the field of peace and security;
- taking measures for better monitoring and reporting of Resolution 1325.
Each area of work has different actions assigned. For example, Objective 1.1: “Strengthen integration of a gender perspective through internal rules of procedure in national security and defense and participation in national and international activities for the implementation of Resolution 1325” includes several actions:
- Review existing national security and defense rules of procedure on the integration of a gender perspective in line with Resolution 1325
- Integrate a gender perspective into the international activities of the country and report on participation in these activities from a gender perspective
- Conduct awareness-raising campaigns on women's rights and legislation on gender equality, violence, peace and security
- Ensure increased representation of women officers at conferences/workshops and at the 7th Annual Conference of Women in Police as well as at the Annual Conference of the International Association of Women Police
- Increase participation of women in Armed Forces structures in peacekeeping missions outside of the country, respectively, in conferences and seminars
Each strategic objective has a number of listed indicators. For example, Objective 2.1: “Inclusion of a gender balance in security sector activities” includes several indicators:
- Number of women appointed to top positions;
- Number of women added to relevant structures;
- Number of women promoted; the level they had and the highest rank they were promoted to leadership positions within the security sector.
Reports within the National Action Plan will be sent to the Integrated Policy Management Group. The annual report will then be submitted for approval to the Gender Equality Council. Those responsible for monitoring the implementation of the Action Plan will be the gender equality employees in the line ministries and institutions who collect data and identify gaps in information that is needed.
The Action Plan foresees publication of six-month progress reports and will provide support for the monitoring reports of the coalition of civil society organisations for Resolution 1325. At the policy level, monitoring of the NAP will be realised through an inter-institutional group that will be established with senior political representatives of the Ministry of Defense, Interior, Europe and Foreign Affairs, as well as the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, that holds meetings every 6 months. A representative of the CSO's Coalition for Women, Peace and Security Agenda will participate in the meetings at the political level.
The monitoring and evaluation of the NAP will be carried out by an Implementation and Coordination Group (ICG), which will monitor, evaluate and report on the Action Plan. The ICG is comprised of technical representatives from line ministries, the institutions responsible for implementing this Action Plan, as well as a representative from the Coalition of civil society organisations for Resolution 1325 engaged in the women, peace and security agenda.
MoHSP will coordinate the data collection process from all gender officers at the institutions involved.
The Action Plan includes a detailed budget with a breakdown of the cost of the implementation. The overall cost of implementing the NAP is 280,781,916 Lek. Depending on the type of activity, the Action Plan has specified sources of funding: the state budget will cover 83.3% of activities lined out in the NAP and 2.6% will be funded from donors who will fund the implementation of specific activities. Funding needs are at 14.1% of the total cost, or 39.7 million Lek.
Albania's NAP does not discuss disarmament issues despite the recent conflicts that have affected women, children, and the civilian population in general.