Djibouti adopted a National Action Plan on the implementation of UNSCR 1325 in 2017, and another NAP has been announced for 2022 but is not yet available. The 2017 NAP is available in French.
Djibouti’s National Action Plan seeks to address four main issues: the situation of women and sexual violence at the national level, refugee women and sexual violence, women in pastoral conflicts, and the issues of sexual violence regarding security and defense forces.
National Action Plan (2017)
Global Gender Gap Index 2020
Arms Trade Treaty Signed
Military expenditure (2019)
Explore Djibouti's National Action Plan
The Ministry of Women and Family (MFF) is the government institution responsible for the NAP at all stages.
The development of the Action Plan proceeded in three stages:
- Research and documentary analyses were carried out, as well as qualitative interviews with key institutions and organizations regarding the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda.
- A workshop on the NAP draft was held, in which participants of related institutions discussed, amended, and made proposals to finalize the document.
- The final stage was the launching of the NAP as a whole.
Although the Ministry of Women and Family is the main initiator of the NAP, the document recognizes that the implementation is a shared responsibility among all the institutions cited in the Action Plan, to ensure that all programmed actions and activities are realized within the timeframe.
The participants in the implementation process include the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the Ministry of Justice, the National Commission of Human Rights, the Center of Studies and Research of Djibouti, the National Union of Djiboutian Women (UNFD), the National Assembly, The University of Djibouti, feminist associations, non-governmental organizations, and others.
Monitoring and Evaluation
The Monitoring and Evaluation Process will be led by a special committee that will include personnel from the stakeholders that participated in the development and implementation of the NAP. This includes the National Assembly, the Ministry of Women and Family (MFF), the Ministry of Justice and Penitentiary Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the Ministry of Interior, The Department of Defense, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the National Commission for Human Rights, the Djibouti Social Development Agency, the National Office for Assistance to Refugees and Victims, the Center for Study and Research of Djibouti, the University of Djibouti, the National Union of Djiboutian Women, NGOs and feminist associations, among others.
Djibouti mentions the participation of non-governmental organizations and feminist associations as key stakeholders in the development, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation processes.
Published in 2017, the timeframe for implementation is 2018 to 2020.
Djibouti’s NAP is structured around three strategic objectives: women's participation in all levels of decision-making for the prevention, management, and regulation of conflicts, prevention of gender-based violence, sexual abuse and exploitation against women and girls, and the protection and security of sexual violence victims during the conflict. 13 specific objectives are also established to improve the protection and promotion of women’s rights during conflicts or post-conflict.
The Action Plan of Djibouti proposes 29 actions to address the strategic and specific objectives. These include amendments to laws and government institutions, studies, sensibilization campaigns, training and workshops, capacity-building measures for public institutions and civil society organizations, etc. Examples of these under the first strategic objective include:
- Organize awareness and information campaigns on UNSCR 1325 among the population in general and women in particular.
- Increase the participation of Djiboutian women in peacekeeping operations from the UN and the African Union
- Increase the number of women trained in mediation and peace negotiation techniques.
Through the NAP, 42 indicators are proposed to review the implementation of the NAP, each of which refers to a proposed action. Examples of the indicators for the actions proposed under the first strategic objective include:
- The number of campaigns and number of participants in the UNSCR 1325 awareness and information campaigns.
- The number and percentage of women participating in peacekeeping operations
- The reports of women’s training workshops in mediation and peace negotiation techniques.
The NAP includes the creation of a coordination, monitoring, and evaluation committee that will be in charge of examining the implementation of the NAP. The responsibilities of the committee include:
- Coordinate all the activities considered within the NAP framework by the stakeholders and institutions involved
- Regular monitoring of the activities of the NAP
- Make the arbitrations for the roles and responsibilities regarding the budget location according to the NAP’s programmation
The committee will work under the direction of the Ministry of Women and Family (MFF), and it will include representatives of institutions and sectors associated with the WPS agenda, all previously listed.
Based on the critical evaluation of the implementation of the NAP until 2020, the Ministry of Women and Family will initiate a new NAP to pursue the outcome of the actions not carried out in the first and to complete them by formulating new ones, carrying the inclusive and participatory mechanism that allowed the development of the NAP.
The full implementation of the NAP requires USD 913,000, including expenses for communication, coordination, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity building for the MFF. The resources will be located according to the specific objectives in the following way
- Consideration of women and their interests in decision-making concerning the prevention, management, and resolution of conflicts: USD 65,000
- Increased participation of women in United Nations missions and other international peace and security missions: USD 22,500
- Reinforce the participation of women in mediation and peace negotiation: USD 22,500
- Increase the representation of women in government instances at the local and national level: USD 2,500
- Increase the participation of women and feminist associations in activities aiming to prevent and solve conflicts and human rights violations against women and girls: USD 16,500
- Prevention of all types of violence against women, particularly gender-based and sexual violence: USD 175,000
- Implement operational mechanisms considering gender differences, specific needs, and fundamental rights of women in refugee camps: USD 275,000
- Strengthening the capabilities of security and defense forces to prevent sexual violence against women: USD 48,000
- Considering the needs and particular problems of women and girls as part of early warning systems and conflict prevention mechanisms: USD 3,000
- Reinforcement of legislation regarding sexual violence against women to put an end to impunity: USD 105,000
- Improve the access to justice for all women victims of sexual violence: USD 10,000
- Improve the physical and psychological health of women and girls victims of sexual violence: USD 65,000
- Implement a mechanism for the economic integration or reintegration of women victims of sexual violence: USD 3,000
- Communication: USD 20,000
- Coordination: USD 30,000
- MFF Capacity building: USD 50,000
The NAP considers the need for mobilization to ensure the funding for the implementation, which will be through the organization of roundtables with development partners and donors that can choose to support or finance the activity of their preference.
The Action Plan makes no mention of disarmament.