Mali adopted its most recent National Action Plan (NAP) in 2019 for the period 2019-2023. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Promotion of Women, Children and Family, and partially involved civil society in the NAP development process. The NAP contextualizes Resolution 1325 within Mali’s history, drawing attention to the relevance of the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda in light of the ongoing conflicts in the country’s northern region as well as the ensuing insecurity throughout the country. The NAP identifies five priority axes, each with corresponding objectives, activities, indicators, and responsible parties: preventing gender-based violence and conflict; protecting and rehabilitating victims; increasing women’s representation in peacebuilding; promoting gender and women; and coordinating, monitoring, and assessing identified activities. Each priority axis has corresponding objectives, outcomes, activities, and responsible parties for implementation. The NAP also has an estimated budget, broken down by activity and year of implementation.
Mali’s third NAP is preceded by two other NAPs, adopted in 2012 and 2015 and implemented for the period 2012-2014 and 2015-2017, respectively. Mali’s second and third NAPs are currently available only in French.
Mali reported on the implementation of its NAP, as well as WPS commitments, in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, Mali indicated that the priorities of the third NAP include: the prevention of conflicts and gender-based violence, protection and rehabilitation of victims, participation and representation of women in decision-making bodies, promotion of gender and women’s empowerment, and coordination, monitoring, and evaluation (p. 35). Additionally, Mali reported that there is low representation of women in the monitoring of the peace, security and reconciliation process. The average representation of women in the implementation mechanisms of the peace agreement is around 3% (p. 33).
Mali gained independence from France in 1960, after decades of colonial rule by the French Empire. Mali has experienced ongoing political instability since its independence, with multiple military coups in 1968, 1991, 2012, and 2020, including extended rule by a military junta from 1969 until 1979. Furthermore, Mali experienced two armed conflicts with Burkina Faso, resulting from a recurring border dispute in 1974-1975 and 1985. Most recently, in 2012, Mali experienced conflict with Islamic and Tuareg insurgent groups, leading to instability in the northern parts of the country. A UN peacekeeping mission, MINUSMA, has been active in Mali since 2013.
At the multilateral level, Mali most recently served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2001-2002.
National Action Plan (2019-2023)
Global Gender Gap Index 2020
139 out of 153
Arms Trade Treaty Ratified
Military expenditure (2019)
$474 million USD
Explore the National Action Plan of Mali
Civil Society was involved in the development of the NAP through a workshop kicking off the NAP drafting process. This was the occasion for civil society to elaborate on Mali’s achievements on UNSCR1325 issues and challenges ahead.
WILPF does not have a country section in Mali and was therefore not involved in the development of the NAP.
The Ministry of Promotion of Women, Children and Family drafted a first proposal for the NAP.
Civil society is not mentioned as being part of the implementation process.
The NAP defines some governmental bodies which are responsible for a given set of activities underlying the NAP, but does not clearly make a distinction between implementing and monitoring roles.
The following bodies will be responsible for NAP activities; the Ministry for Women’s Promotion, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Security, Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Health.
NAP Monitoring and Evaluation
Some of the NAP activities will be co-monitored by representatives from NGOs dedicating their work to women, however, they have not been specified in the NAP.
NAP activities will be monitored by agents from the Ministry for Women’s Promotion, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Security, Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Health.
The NAP is designed to be implemented on a 3-year basis. A table summarizes how each activity implementation is expected to progress on a quarterly basis for each year.
The NAP is composed of five priority goals that are split into different objectives, which rely on a set of activities.
The five priority goals are the following:
- Ensuring conflict and gender-based violence (GBV) prevention
- Ensuring victims’ protection and rehabilitation
- Enhancing women’s participation and representation
- Promoting Gender and Women
- Coordinating, monitoring and evaluating activities properly described in the NAP
For instance, the first priority axis- Ensuring conflict and gender-based violence (GBV) prevention- is broken down into the following objectives:
- Strengthening and developing policies for violence and conflict prevention as well as mechanisms and processes fostering women’s rights and security
- Creating a legal framework promoting women’s rights
The objectives underlying each priority axis rely on a set of activities.
For instance, the activities in the first axis "Ensuring conflict and gender-based violence (GBV) prevention" under the first objective, "Strengthening and developing policies for violence and conflict prevention as well as mechanisms and processes fostering women’s rights and security" are:
- Analyzing how existing laws and policies relative to women, peace and security include a gender dimension
- Organizing trainings on UNSCR1325 for all soldiers and agents of the Ministry of Police and Security
- Training female leaders on conflict management and peace negotiation techniques
- Monitoring the implementation process of regional and international instruments related to women’s right to peace and security
A table summarizes the expected results for each activity and indicators are set for each result.
For instance, for the first activity of the first objective of the first priority axis, the expected result is “Performing a gender analysis of policies and laws relative to peace and security” and the indicator is the number of laws and policies analyzed or initiated.
The NAP mostly uses indicators such as the existence of dedicated structures or the number of initiatives carried out.
The monitoring process will be composed of internal evaluations on a yearly basis and of an external evaluation performed every three years. The annual activity report will be based on the evaluation outcomes and will be presented to the UN groups dedicated to the African Union as well as during consultative side events held on the occasion of the UNSCR1325 anniversary - happening every 31st October- as well as during the African Union summit.
A table summarizes the budget allocated each year to each activity in the NAP. The total budget for implementing the NAP is $2.2m (Mali CFA 1,276,000,000).
The NAP does not address disarmament or connect the proliferation of weapons with women’s insecurity. Nevertheless, in the introduction it gives a hint as to the link between the numerous conflicts in the region and the increasing insecurity.