Senegal

Senegal adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2011 for the period 2011-2015. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Gender through a participatory approach that included several ministries, including the Ministries of Family, Defense, Interior, Justice, Education, and Health, as well as civil society organizations, local groups, and universities. The Steering Committee, composed of government ministries, intergovernmental agencies, and civil society organisations, coordinates and monitors the NAP implementation. The NAP identifies three overarching objectives, based on the pillars of UNSCR 1325: prevention, participation, and relief and recovery. Each objective has corresponding actions and indicators, but the monitoring and evaluation framework consists primarily of reports to be submitted to the government every three months. The NAP includes an estimated budget. 

Senegal reported on the implementation of its NAP in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, the country reported that a new NAP is being developed and will be implemented with collaboration from civil society, in particular Casamance peace process (p. 45). The country also reported on the peace process (p. 63). 

Senegal gained independence from France in 1960, after a long period of colonial rule under various European empires. The most recent armed conflict in the country’s history is the Casamance conflict, which has been ongoing since 1982. Women have been key players in the field of peacebuilding, especially through the establishment of the Platform of Women for Peace in Casamance in 2010.

At the multilateral level, Senegal most recently served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2016-2017.

Country Menu

National Action Plan (2011-2015)

CEDAW

1985

Global Gender Gap Index 2020

99 out of 153

Arms Trade Treaty Ratified

2014

Military expenditure (2019)

$349 million USD

Explore Senegal's National Action Plan

  • Actors
  • Timeframe
  • Objectives
  • Actions/Activities
  • Indicators
  • M&E
  • Budget
  • Disarmament

NAP Development

Parliament, and a host of local collectivities, universities and three Civil Society research centers are specifically identified as key actors. However, it is unclear who exactly was involved in drafting given the lack of information on the drafting process.      

This NAP has been developed through a process that involved the Ministry of Gender and Relations with African and Foreign Women's Associations, Ministry of Family, Women's Organisations and Youth, Ministry of Defense with support of the Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Health and Prevention, Ministry of Education, and Parliament.                   

NAP Implementation

Sixteen different international and regional organisations are involved in implementation of the NAP, with their specific roles identified.

To facilitate the identification of priority areas of immediate action for improving the lives of women and children in Senegal and ensuring increased investment for strengthened implementation of UNSCR 1325, a Steering Committee, coordinated by the Ministry of Gender and Relations with African and Foreign Women's Associations, was formed.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Civil society groups are members of the Steering Committee.

The Steering Committee, coordinated by the Ministry of Gender and Relations with African and Foreign Women's Associations, submits reports to the government every three months.

The implementation period for the Sudanese National Plan of Action is unclear.

The National Action Plan is based on the mandate of UNSCR 1325 and the activities to be implemented fall under the three pillars of the resolution, as follows:

  • Prevention (ensuring physical, mental, economic stability of women and respect for their rights, preventing of the violence against women and girls);
  • Participation (integrating women’s perspective and recognizing women's interests in decision-making processes related to prevention, management, resolution of conflicts);
  • Relief and recovery (taking into consideration the specific needs of women in times of conflict and in the post-conflict period).

Each pillar has different actions assigned. For example, Pillar 1 (ensuring physical, mental, economic stability of women and respect for their rights, preventing of the violence against women and girls)  includes the following actions:

  • Prevent all forms of violence against women, particularly sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV);
  • Develop and implement operational systems to monitor violations of women's rights and girls and intervene, when necessary;
  • Take into account the needs and problems of women and girls in the implementation of early warning systems and conflict prevention mechanisms.

Each strategic goal has a number of listed indicators. For example, the first goal, “Review all laws (statutory and customary) that undermine or hinder women’s participation in decision-making and governance in their bid to actively engage in South Sudan’s recovery, development and democratic processes, ” includes several indicators:

  1. Number of laws reviewed;
  2. Number of sensitization campaigns held to consult with and inform traditional leaders and communities on negative cultural practices that hinder women’s leadership potential;
  3. Number of women actively involved in governance and recovery processes.

The Steering Committee, coordinated by the Ministry of Gender and Relations with African and Foreign Women's Associations, submits reports to the government every three months.

Based on the National Action Plan, the NAP will be financed by the Ministry of Finance with  support of the United Nations Regional Office for West Africa (UNOWA), the UN Women, the ECOWAS Center for Gender Development (CCDG). Additional funding will also be received through development programmes provided by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and UN Women. The total cost of the NAP is approximately $ 2,261,500.

Under the “relief and recovery” pillar, the NAP includes an objective aimed at addressing the special needs of women, veterans and girls in the DDR Programmes.

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