Luxembourg adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2018. The NAP was developed by Luxembourg’s Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, to be implemented for the 2018-2023 period.
Luxembourg’s NAP is a continuation of and reflects the commitments of the country’s National Action Plan on Gender Equality, which was implemented during the 2015-2018 period. The NAP is organized around the four pillars of UNSCR 1325 (participation, prevention, protection, and resolution and recovery), and identifies gender equality as a “prerequisite” for peace and security as well as an “essential condition” for sustainable development. Additionally, the NAP indicates that Luxembourg’s action plan is directly linked to the 2030 Agenda, with particular emphasis on SDGs 5 and 16 on gender equality and peace and justice, respectively. The NAP approaches WPS implementation both at the national and international level.
Luxembourg has no recent history of conflict, but was a founding member of NATO. The country is also a contributing member to Eurocorps, a multinational and intergovernmental military corps, which remains at the disposal of the EU and NATO. Luxembourg contributes troops to global peacekeeping missions as well.
In 2018, Luxembourg spent $419 million on military expenses. Luxembourg was among the first countries to sign and ratify the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which regulates the flow of weapons across international borders. Luxembourg is also among the few countries to have legislation banning public and private financial institutions from investing in cluster munitions. Nevertheless, a 2016 report demonstrated that Luxembourg has significant gaps in its banking regulations to prohibit banks from financing and investing in the production and transfer of internationally banned weapons or arms.