Uganda adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2008, but the NAP does not identify a specific period of implementation. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Gender Labor and Social Development. The NAP identifies civil society involvement in the development of the NAP, but does not specify which civil society actors or organizations were involved. The NAP constitutes a part of a broader national strategic framework on the advancement of women; in particular, the five year National Action Plan on Women (2007) which set out priorities in peacebuilding, conflict resolution and the rights of women and girls to live free from violence. In line with this goal, the NAP identifies five strategic objectives, four of which specifically address gender-based violence (GBV) from various angles, including laws and policy making; access to health and psychosocial services for survivors; and capacity building for GBV prevention. The NAP also aims to increase women’s participation in decision-making spaces for conflict prevention, management, and resolution. Relatedly, the NAP addresses the gendered impacts of small arms and light weapons as well as referencing Uganda’s arms control and disarmament measures. The NAP includes a detailed monitoring and evaluation framework, but does not have an allocated budget. 

Uganda reported on the implementation of its NAP, as well as WPS commitments, in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64. Specifically, Uganda stated that the country conducted an evaluation of the NAP, and a multi- stakeholder technical committee to develop a successor national action plan was put in place. The identified legal priority areas of the NAP were legal and policy frameworks; improved access to health and medical services and psychosocial services for GBV victims/survivors; women in leadership and decision making and prevention of GBV in Society; and budgetary allocations for implementation on UNSCR 1325. Local governments also developed and implemented peace action plans with support from civil society organizations. In the implementation of the plans, community members were assigned roles in conflict analysis, early warning, prevention and response.

Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, after decades of colonial rule by the British Empire. Uganda experienced a military dictatorship from 1971 until 1979, a civil war, which lasted from 1980 until 1986, as well as a protracted conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army, ongoing since 1987. Women have been deliberately targeted with sexual violence during these conflicts, and a study on displaced and conflict-affected populations in Uganda found that women were twice as likely to demonstrate systems of PTSD as well as being four times as likely to show systems of depression. 

In 2019, Uganda was among the top 5 countries in the world with the biggest increase in their military expenditure, with a 52% increase in its military spending. 

At the multilateral level, Uganda most recently served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2009-2010.

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