The 2020-2024 NAP reflects the Senegalese government’s commitment to having a basic tool that harmonizes visions and coordinates the implementation of all actions that converge towards rights and needs of women and girls in peace, security and national reconciliation processes, with a particular emphasis on prevention. The second-generation NAP aims to establish a diagnosis of the first action plan and to formulate new strategies and actions to be implemented under the new one. The second NAP R1325 aims to “Implement and ensure coordination and follow-up of UNSC Resolution 1325 and its follow-up at national level”. Its overall objective is to “Ensure better participation of women and girls of women and girls in the prevention and management of peace and security, as well as a better their specific needs in terms of protection and post-crisis recovery”.
Senegal adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2011 for the period 2011-2015. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Gender through a participatory approach that included several ministries, including the Ministries of Family, Defense, Interior, Justice, Education, and Health, as well as civil society organizations, local groups, and universities. The Steering Committee, composed of government ministries, intergovernmental agencies, and civil society organisations, coordinates and monitors the NAP implementation. The NAP identifies three overarching objectives, based on the pillars of UNSCR 1325: prevention, participation, and relief and recovery. Each objective has corresponding actions and indicators, but the monitoring and evaluation framework consists primarily of reports to be submitted to the government every three months. The NAP includes an estimated budget.
Senegal gained independence from France in 1960, after a long period of colonial rule under various European empires. The most recent armed conflict in the country’s history is the Casamance conflict, which has been ongoing since 1982. Women have been key players in the field of peacebuilding, especially through the establishment of the Platform of Women for Peace in Casamance in 2010.
At the multilateral level, Senegal most recently served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2016-2017.