Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)

According to the background and rationale of the Republic of Congo’s National Action Plan, the country adopted its first WPS NAP in 2018 for the period 2018-2022. However, after two years of experience, problems with its implementation rose, particularly financial difficulties and lack of coordination (pg. 8). Therefore, the second NAP (2021-2023) was modified based on this experience, to overcome these challenges and ensure implementation.

As a result, the NAP outlines a framework based on 4 pillars: 1) Coordination, financing, monitoring-evaluation, and popularization of 1325: a mechanism for more effective implementation; 2) Prevention and protection of girls and women: to prevent all forms of violence against women of all ages; 3) Participation: to ensure the participation and representation of women in politics, fight political violence and preserve the gains in favor of women and girls; 4) Recovery and reconstruction: promote economic empowerment of women as a contributor to peace and stability, considering the needs of women and girls, particularly those from vulnerable groups. 

The NAP framework is structured around five strategic axes:

  1. Coordination, financing, monitoring, and evaluation of the implementation of the NAP 
  2. Promotion of resolution 1325 and other legal texts protecting the fundamental rights of women and girls 
  3. Promotion of the participation, representation, and involvement of women in the prevention, conflict resolution, and peace negotiations.
  4. Strengthening the protection of women, men, girls, and boys against gender-based violence in times of peace, conflict, and post-conflict.
  5. Taking gender into account in humanitarian action, recovery, and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR)

There were significant changes from the first NAP to the most recent, including:

  • Creation of mechanisms to fight sexual and gender-based violence against women, including prevention, protection, reparations, and comprehensive care in urban and rural areas.
  • The mechanisms for the coordination and monitoring of the NAP include key ministries, development partners, civil society, new and specific executive bodies, a communication unit, and an M&E committee.
  • A clearer system that assigns responsibilities and monitoring actions for the operation of the NAP, including a capacity-building program for actors at all levels.
  • A strengthened commitment of civil society to organize and advocate for actions in favor of the defense of women’s rights.
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