Mozambique adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2018 for the period 2018-2022. The NAP was developed by the Gender, Children and Social Welfare Ministry in partnership with UN Women and the governments of Iceland and Norway. The NAP includes priority actions to be implemented by state institutions, civil society and cooperation partners in the context of women’s participation in conflict management and resolution; assistance for displaced and refugee women; the prevention of violence and sexual abuse; and post-conflict reconstruction. The NAP keeps women’s and girls’ human rights in conflict and post-conflict at the forefront of its focus, with the goal to integrate a gender perspective in all actions and strategies on conflict prevention and management; expand efforts for the security, physical and mental health dignity of women and girls; and secure the rights of women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations. Furthermore, the NAP includes an allocated budget, broken down by priority sections.
Mozambique reported on the implementation of its NAP in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020).
Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1975, after ten years of liberation efforts, and experienced a civil war that ended in 1992 with the signing of the Rome General Peace Accords. Mozambique continues to experience the negative social, political, and economic impacts of the war, which had a distinct gendered impact of women, specifically through the usage of sexual violence as a weapon of war. Furthermore, women survivors of the civil war continue to suffer from the traumatic effects of their experiences, silenced and given no right to reparations. Despite the negative impacts of the war, women also played a role as peacebuilders and activists, in particular through assisting victims of armed conflict.