Mali adopted its most recent National Action Plan (NAP) in 2019 for the period 2019-2023. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Promotion of Women, Children and Family, and partially involved civil society in the NAP development process. The NAP contextualizes Resolution 1325 within Mali’s history, drawing attention to the relevance of the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda in light of the ongoing conflicts in the country’s northern region as well as the ensuing insecurity throughout the country. The NAP identifies five priority axes, each with corresponding objectives, activities, indicators, and responsible parties: preventing gender-based violence and conflict; protecting and rehabilitating victims; increasing women’s representation in peacebuilding; promoting gender and women; and coordinating, monitoring, and assessing identified activities. Each priority axis has corresponding objectives, outcomes, activities, and responsible parties for implementation. The NAP also has an estimated budget, broken down by activity and year of implementation.
Mali’s third NAP is preceded by two other NAPs, adopted in 2012 and 2015 and implemented for the period 2012-2014 and 2015-2017, respectively. Mali’s second and third NAPs are currently available only in French.
Mali reported on the implementation of its NAP, as well as WPS commitments, in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, Mali indicated that the priorities of the third NAP include: the prevention of conflicts and gender-based violence, protection and rehabilitation of victims, participation and representation of women in decision-making bodies, promotion of gender and women’s empowerment, and coordination, monitoring, and evaluation (p. 35). Additionally, Mali reported that there is low representation of women in the monitoring of the peace, security and reconciliation process. The average representation of women in the implementation mechanisms of the peace agreement is around 3% (p. 33).
Mali gained independence from France in 1960, after decades of colonial rule by the French Empire. Mali has experienced ongoing political instability since its independence, with multiple military coups in 1968, 1991, 2012, and 2020, including extended rule by a military junta from 1969 until 1979. Furthermore, Mali experienced two armed conflicts with Burkina Faso, resulting from a recurring border dispute in 1974-1975 and 1985. Most recently, in 2012, Mali experienced conflict with Islamic and Tuareg insurgent groups, leading to instability in the northern parts of the country. A UN peacekeeping mission, MINUSMA, has been active in Mali since 2013.
At the multilateral level, Mali most recently served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2001-2002.