Lithuania adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2011, but the NAP does not identify a specific period of implementation. The NAP does not provide details about the NAP development process, including about civil society inclusion, but specifies that the implementation of the NAP will be led by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The NAP identifies three overarching objectives: increase the participation of women in conflict prevention as well as military and civilian operations and missions; raise awareness about UNSCR 1325 among Lithunian society and educate the personnel of pertinent institutions; contribute to international initiatives to implement UNSCR 1325, specifically on women’s security and protection of women’s rights. Each objective has corresponding goals, actions, responsible actors, and a broad implementation timetable that states the frequency of activities to be conducted (which includes the categories “continually, periodically, every year, depending on the need, or by a specific year”). The NAP does not have a monitoring and evaluation framework or an allocated budget.
Lithuania reported on the implementation of its NAP in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, the country indicated that it continues to implement the 2011 NAP. Activities include awareness raising around gender equality and UNSCR1325, including in the country’s military academy through mandatory coursework on humanitarian and gender issues (pp. 46 and 47).
Lithuania gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. The country does not have a recent history of armed conflict; nevertheless, Lithuania has been experiencing ongoing tension with Russia as a result of the latter’s military activities, including placement of troops and ballistic missiles, in the Baltic Sea Region.
Between 2010 and 2019, Lithuania increased its military spending by 232 percent.
Lithuania is also a contributor to humanitarian aid, including being a contributing donor to the Women’s Peace and Humanitarian Fund, a global partnership that works to empower women in conflict zones and humanitarian crises.
At the multilateral level, Lithuania most recently served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2014-2015.