The first National Action Plan (NAP) of Côte d’Ivoire on UNSCR 1325 (2000) was in place during the period 2008-2012. This was in the middle of a political and military crisis that extended from September 2002 until 2010, and then a subsequent crisis surrounding the 2010 elections until the resolution of the conflict in April 2011. The development of Côte d’Ivoire’s second NAP (2019-2023) was based on the report of evaluation of the first Ivorian NAP, the general observations of the Committee for the elimination of discrimination against women, the National Plan of Development, and other reports regarding the Women, Peace and Security agenda. Mitigating the potential risks of renewed armed conflict and preventing future violence are main priorities for the Ivorian NAP, as well as the need to strengthen the national system for protection against violence.
Côte d’Ivoire reported on the implementation of its NAP in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020).
Côte d’Ivoire gained independence from France in 1960, after decades of colonial rule by the French empire. The most recent armed conflict in the history of Côte d’Ivoire is the civil war, which lasted from 2002 until 2007, resulting in the division of the country into the Muslim rebel-held north and government-controlled Christian south. Following the civil war, Côte d’Ivoire has seen political unrest, election-related violence, resurgent armed conflict, and grave human rights abuses, including the political unrest in 2011. Conflict in Côte d’Ivoire has disproportionately affected women and girls, who represent the majority of victims, internally displaced persons, and refugees. Though women were actively involved in organizing peacebuilding efforts, they were excluded from formal peace negotiation processes. Nevertheless, women played a key role in the post-conflict reconstruction process, including their involvement in the country’s truth and reconciliation efforts.