The Central African Republic (CAR) adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2014 for the period 2014-2016. The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion, which led the creation of the Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction. The NAP indicates civil society involvement in the development of the NAP, including extensive input from civil society members on the initial draft. The United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic was also involved in drafting the NAP. The NAP identifies five overarching objectives (or “strategic priority axes”), including conflict prevention; protection of civilians in conflict; and increasing women’s participation in decision-making spaces. Each objective has corresponding actions, indicators, and a budget line.
The Central African Republic reported on its WPS implementation in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, CAR reported that the country is developing a second NAP for the period 2019-2023.
The Central African Republic gained independence from France in 1960, after decades of colonial rule. The most recent armed conflict in the history of the CAR is its ongoing civil war, which started in 2012. The conflict has displaced thousands of people and left millions in need of humanitarian aid. In 2014, the UN Security Council established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) to ensure peace and stability in the country. Nevertheless, there have been several allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers in the CAR.