Mozambique has launched its first National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security for the period 2018-2022. The NAP was drawn up by the Mozambican government in partnership with UN Women and the governments of Iceland and Norway. The Gender, Children and Social Welfare Ministry launched the NAP. The NAP includes priority actions to be implemented by state institutions, civil society and cooperation partners in the context of women’s participation in conflict management and resolution, assistance for displaced and refugee women, the prevention of violence and sexual abuse, and post-conflict reconstruction. By including an overall allocated budget and breaking down the budget by priority section, the Mozambique government and other entities acknowledge the importance of resources in implementation.
Mozambique gained its Independence from Portugal in 1975, after ten years of liberation efforts. Women played an important role in these efforts as they took on various tasks to achieve independence for Mozambique. After sixteen years of a war, which ended in 1992 with the General Peace Accord in Rome, Italy, the negative social and economic impacts remained. Women have participated in the promotion of peace by assisting war victims during the armed conflict.
The NAP keeps women and girl’s human rights in conflict and post-conflict at the forefront of their focus. As a nation, Mozambique aims to integrate a gender perspective in all actions and strategies on conflict prevention and management, expand efforts for the security, physical and mental health dignity of women and girls and secure the rights of women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations. Lastly, disarmament is not included besides a brief definition of disarmament.
Further updates on implementation are provided by Mozambique in their report for Beijing+25/CSW64 (pg. 32-33).