The Chilean Government launched its second NAP for a period of four years, 2015-2018, which builds on Chile’s first NAP. This new version of the NAP includes the most recent United Nations recommendations on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) and the proposals from different civil society organisations. In comparison to the previous NAP, this NAP has clearer indicators to monitor and assess if goals are reached. NAPs’ main objectives are based on the four pillars of the WPS Agenda and seek to incorporate a gender perspective across all activities, promote women’s meaningful participation in peace negotiations, protect the wellbeing of women and girls and increase women’s access to recovery aid based on specific needs.
This NAP is focused on national efforts to increase the roles of women in decision-making positions related to conflict prevention and overall gender mainstreaming. Chile, however, is an active contributor to the United Nations’ Peacekeeping Missions, including in Haiti (MINIJUSTH), Central African Republic (MINUSCA), Cyprus (UNFICYP) and Colombia (UNVMC).
Chile’s 2015-2018 NAP, unlike the earlier NAP, includes indicators and a system that verifies and controls the implementation of each objective under a modern concept of government management and monitoring. For the budget, each coordinating institution is required to include in its annual budget, an item destined to the financing of the activities that correspond to them according to the objectives of the NAP.
The role of civil society organisations in the development of the NAP is unclear. The NAP also does not address disarmament issues or connect the proliferation of weapons with women’s insecurity.
At the 23 April 2019 high-level WPS Commitments event, Chile committed to creating a new NAP in advance of October 2020.