Ukraine adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2016 for the period 2016-2020. The NAP was developed through the joint efforts between different national institutions reporting to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. The NAP includes six pillars of action: peacekeeping and peace-protecting activities; women’s participation in peacebuilding; prevention of conflicts and violence; protection of women and girls affected by conflicts; provision of assistance and rehabilitation of people affected by conflicts; and monitoring efforts. The NAP approaches the implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda both domestically and internationally, with the overall goal to eliminate cultural barriers that hinder the full participation of women in all aspects of negotiations and resolution of conflicts and/or matters of peace and security. The NAP includes a detailed monitoring and evaluation framework, including an allocated budget.  

Ukraine gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The most recent armed conflict in Ukraine’s history was the result of civil unrest and ethnic tension, which started in 2014 and intensified by the annexation of Crimea to join the Russian Federation. Women have been deeply affected by displacement in the wake of violence. Due to limited economic opportunities linked to austerity measures, women are forced to bear the burden of care for families with reduced resources, especially for internally displaced people. 

Most recently, women held an important role during the anti-governments protests, referred to as Euromaidan or the Revolution of Dignity, that took place between 2013 and 2014 to protest growing socioeconomic inequalities and corruption. 

In 2019, Ukraine was among the top 40 countries in the world with the highest military expenditure as well as being among the top 15 arms exporters. 

At the multilateral level, Ukraine most recently served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the period 2016-2017. 

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