Tajikistan adopted its most recent National Action Plan (NAP) in 2019, for the period 2019-2022. The NAP has been submitted for approval to the Executive Office of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan. Tajikistan’s second NAP is preceded by one other NAP, adopted in 2014 and implemented for the period 2014-2018. WILPF’s analysis of the NAPs will be posted following the public release of both documents.
Tajikistan reported on the implementation of its NAP, as well as WPS commitments, in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, the report indicated that “the [second] NAP recognizes the lessons learned from the previous document and should be regarded as commitments of the Government of Tajikistan in such areas as human rights, gender equality and empowerment of women, conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peace-building” (p. 58). The report states that the drafting of the NAP began in 2018 through a three-day training, conducted with the support of UN Women and the assistance of an international expert on Women, Peace, and Security, for government representatives responsible for the NAP implementation as well as representatives from non-governmental organizations working on gender. The collaboration at this training resulted in the drafting of Tajikistan’s revised NAP.
Tajikistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The most recent armed conflict in the country’s history was the civil war, which took place from 1992 until 1997 and resulted in thousands of casualties and displaced people. Women were excluded from the peace process. Tajikistan also experiences border disputes with Kyrgyzstan, and most recently, there were local clashes along the Tajik-Krygyz border as a result of disputes over access to natural resources.