France adopted its third National Action Plan (NAP) for the period 2021-2025. Analysis is coming shortly.
The second NAP was developed through the collaborative work of multiple ministries as well as through a consultative process that included civil society organizations. The NAP approaches the implementation of the agenda both domestically and internationally, and has five overarching pillars that focus on participation; protection; fighting impunity; prevention; and promoting the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda. Each pillar has corresponding objectives, actions, and indicates, but the NAP does not have an allocated budget. France’s second NAP is preceded by one other NAP, adopted in 2010 and implemented for the period 2010-2013. The NAP has four overarching goals: protecting women against violence and working to ensure respect for women’s fundamental rights; participation of women in managing conflict and post-conflict situations; raising awareness of respect for women’s rights in training programmes; and developing political and diplomatic action. Each goal has specific objectives and indicators; nevertheless, the NAP does not include a detailed monitoring and evaluation framework, beyond biannual meetings of its steering committee as well as with civil society organizations. The second NAP provides an overview of activities undertaken to fulfill France’s WPS commitments, but does not include an evaluation or a lessons learned section based on findings from the first NAP’s implementation. While the overall goals of the NAP are mostly similar to those of the first NAP, the revised action plan incorporates “fighting impunity” and “promoting the WPS agenda regionally and internationally” among its goals. Similar to its predecessor, the second NAP does not have a detailed monitoring and evaluation framework or an allocated budget.
France reported on the implementation of its NAP in its national reporting for Beijing+25 and in preparation for CSW64 (2020). Specifically, France indicated that it is developing its third NAP and that it will focus on raising awareness of the WPS agenda and its mainstreaming in national and international action on the rights of women in conflict (p. 56)
France does not have a history of recent armed conflict, but contributes to overseas military operations and peacekeeping missions as well as having been involved in interventions in insurgencies and conflicts in the Central African Republic, the Maghreb, and Mali. In 2019, France was among the top 10 military spenders as well as being among top 5 arms exporters in the world. France is also a contributor to humanitarian aid, including being a partner of the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies, a multi-stakeholder initiative that aims to mitigate and provide accountability for gender-based violence in humanitarian emergencies.
At the multilateral level, France is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, holding veto power on all Council decisions, and possesses nuclear weapons.