Burundi adopted its most recent National Action Plan (NAP) in 2022 for the period 2022-2027. Analysis is forthcoming.

Burundi’s third NAP was preceded by two other NAPs, for the periods 2017-2021 and 2012-2016. The first NAP was developed by the Ministries of Gender Issues; Defence; Public Security; Agriculture; Foreign Relations; Planning; Justice; National Solidarity and the Parliament. Several civil society organizations were involved in the drafting process of the NAP, including Dushirehamwe, CAFOB (Burundi collective of women’s NGOs and associations), le Réseau des Femmes et alliées artisans de la paix (Women’s and peacebuilders network), and l’Association des femmes rapatriées du Burundi (Association of female returnees from Burundi). The NAP identifies eight priority axes through which to implement Resolution 1325. These priorities include promoting the participation of women in decision-making processes; conducting legislative reform to promote gender equality; and protecting and promoting the rights of women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations. The NAP has a detailed implementation matrix, but does not include an allocated budget. 

Burundi gained independence from Belgium in 1962, after an extensive period of colonial rule by the Belgian empire. The most recent armed conflict in Burundi’s history is the civil war, which started in 1993 following a military coup. The conflict resulted in the death and displacement of thousands of people. The Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement was signed in 2000, where women’s civil society members acted as formal observers. In 2015, Burundi witnessed a failed coup attempt, which led to ongoing social and political instability in the country, including human rights violations perpetrated by security forces. On the ground, women have played a key role in working towards preventing further violence and conflict through their role as mediators. In 2017, the International Criminal Court (ICC) opened an investigation regarding crimes against humanity in Burundi. Burundi then became the firsts country to leave the ICC.

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